Kiva conducts regular, ongoing monitoring of all Field Partners, but only posts status updates here in response to relevant, major changes at the partner.

Partner Description:

Kubo.financiero is a regulated microfinance institution that provides accessible and affordable loans to borrowers in Mexico. Ranging from US$400 to $4,100, these loans can be used for working capital, fixed assets, education fees and supplies, and pre-payment for other loans that have higher interest rates.

Kubo operates in Mexico, which has one of the highest average interest rates in Latin America for two major reasons:

1) Banks and other lenders need to cover their administration and operation costs even though they provide very small loans. Incidentally, Mexico has one of the smallest average loan sizes and the deepest market penetration for microloans. The smaller the loan, the higher the interest needs to be to cover all the associated costs -- especially in remote regions where traveling to borrowers is expensive and time intensive.

2) Interest rates are also high because banks and other lenders are unable to take individual risk profiles into account. As a result, they must charge a higher interest rate across the board to cover risk of default -- sometimes as high as 120%.

While Kiva works with other lending partners in Mexico, we’re proud that they charge relatively lower interest rates between 55% and 85%.

User-added image

Kubo uses an online platform and branchless banking to significantly reduce the cost of lending. Because the microfinance market is Mexico is very large, the organization is able to access a growing amount of data about borrowers and their credit histories.

This enables it to provide borrowers with individualized interest rates of 22% to 50%, depending on a borrower’s risk profile. Interest is charged on declining principal, with no collateral required, and the organization charges a small 3% to 5% service fee to cover administration costs of small loans in remote areas. 

By integrating technology and data, Kubo has positioned itself to support the more than 90% of Mexican businesses that qualify as small or micro-enterprises. And, with rapid internet penetration in Mexico, the organization has distinguished itself as an innovative lending platform in the region.

With funding from Kiva lenders, Kubo can expand its lending network even further, reach riskier clients who have less credit history, decrease interest rates for borrowers, and scale its service area.

Image courtesy of Kubo.Financiero.

Repayment Performance on Kiva

    This Field Partner All Kiva Partners
  Start Date On Kiva May 2, 2013 Oct 12, 2005
Total Loans $935,950 $1,330,802,700
Amount of raised Inactive loans $7,500 $547,125
Number of raised Inactive loans 1 685
Amount of Paying Back Loans $113,075 $147,970,550
Number of Paying Back Loans 24 195,474
Amount of Ended Loans $815,375 $1,182,285,025
Number of Ended Loans 967 1,522,055
Delinquency Rate 6.78% 10.42%
Amount in Arrears $5,417 $9,802,012
Outstanding Portfolio $83,407 $94,101,479
Number of Loans Delinquent 13 55,529
Default Rate 8.59% 1.74%
Amount of Ended Loans Defaulted $70,056 $20,609,355
Number of Ended Loans Defaulted 141 50,258
Currency Exchange Loss Rate 0.92% 0.39%
Amount of Currency Exchange Loss $8,607 $5,175,709
Refund Rate 3.55% 0.59%
Amount of Refunded Loans $33,200 $7,878,725
Number of Refunded Loans 7 7,776

Loan Characteristics On Kiva

    This Field Partner All Kiva Partners
  Loans to Women Borrowers 55.66% 76.40%
Average Loan Size $970 $394
Average Individual Loan Size $970 $609
Average Group Loan Size $0 $1,761
Average number of borrowers per group 0 7.7
Average GDP per capita (PPP) in local country $15,600 $5,776
Average Loan Size / GDP per capita (PPP) 6.22% 6.82%
Average Time to Fund a Loan 7.02 days 7.13 days
Average Dollars Raised Per Day Per Loan $138.25 $55.26
  Average Loan Term 10.57 months 11.34 months

Journaling Performance on Kiva

    This Field Partner All Kiva Partners
  Total Journals 261 789,496
  Journaling Rate 25.85% 43.17%
  Average Number of Comments Per Journal 0.00 0.03
  Average Number of Recommendations Per Journal 0.00 0.81

Borrowing Cost Comparison (based on 2016 data)

    This Field Partner Median for MFI's in Country All Kiva Partners
  Average Cost to Borrower 45% PY 74.00% PY 25.36% PY
  Profitability (return on assets) -9.56% 1% -1.96%
  Average Loan Size (% of per capita income) N/A 4.00% 12.88%

Country Fast Facts

Field Partner Staff

Enrique Carral
Simon German Carrizales Urbina
Vicente Fenoll
José Luis García
Diana Izquierdo
Rogelio Monroy
Federico Ramos
Gonzalo Salazar
Felix Tavera