Kiva conducts regular, ongoing monitoring of all Field Partners, but only posts status updates here in response to relevant, major changes at the partner. 

Status update — June 20, 2018

Due to the situation in Nicaragua, Tecnosol continues to face serious operational and financial issues. They have failed to meet their payment obligations to Kiva lenders since April 2018. Tecnosol currently has about $280,000 in outstanding debt to Kiva lenders that is now considered delinquent. Kiva has worked with Tecnosol to try to recover these funds and has negotiated a repayment plan until the crisis in Nicaragua is resolved and Tecnosol is able to collect borrowers’ outstanding payments. Kiva will continue to work to recover the amount owed, and will pass those funds on to lenders as they're received.

Status update — May 22, 2018

Protests have started in Nicaragua in late April against a since-canceled move to cut social security benefits and increase payroll taxes. People have taken to the streets in demonstrations that have called for President Ortega to step down. Unfortunately, these protests have resulted in the loss of life and a partial economic paralyzation of the country. Talks are currently on-going among all parties to resolve the situation peacefully. We have been in contact with our partners and are currently monitoring the situation closely as Kiva borrowers and partner staff have been affected by such political and social unrest. This might result in an increase in delinquency rates since a lot of informal economic activities have come to a complete stop. As more information comes in, we will update lenders accordingly.

Status update — January 25, 2016

After 29 months on Kiva and 242 loans fundraised, TECNOSOL has graduated out of Kiva’s Experimental Partnership program and been given a risk rating of 1 star. 

Partner description:

TECNOSOL, based in Nicaragua, is a for-profit renewable energy company that provides electricity to families living off the grid throughout Central America. By selling solar home systems at affordable prices, it enables households to generate their own energy and replace toxic and expensive sources of light and heat like kerosene, diesel, and wood.

Founded in 1998, TECNOSOL has grown to comprise 70 to 80% of the solar home system market in Nicaragua. Today, it has 17 regional branches serving extremely remote, rural areas -- including branches in El Salvador, Honduras and Panama. And at the end of 2011, it had installed more than 40,000 solar panels benefiting about 250,000 people and saving them an estimated $1.1 million per month on kerosene.

In addition to lights, TECNOSOL’s solar home systems can run refrigerators, freezers, water pumps, televisions, radios, cell phone rechargers and even electrical fences to increase security for livestock. This is extremely important in Nicaragua, where at least 2.5 million people -- 35% of the population -- live off the grid.

The company imports the solar panels, stores, distributes and sells them, and provides after-sale maintenance and repairs. It is distinguished by its emphasis on customer service at every stage of the supply chain, helping accelerate adoption of solar technologies where people may not otherwise be interested. While solar remains the company’s focus, it has also branched into thermal, biomass, wind and hydro energy solutions.

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A unique approach to lending

Many of TECNOSOL’s customers cannot afford the extremely high upfront costs of buying solar home systems. The lack of financing options is one of the biggest limitations for growth of solar in Central America. Investing in solar is considered to be too risky for most formal financial institutions.

Kiva loans help these households purchase solar home systems. Borrowers are required to make a 20% down payment and pay an annual interest rate of 20% to TECNOSOL. This may sound high, but it’s necessary to help the company reach into rural regions where no other distributors or even microfinance institutions work. TECNOSOL uses all interest to cover operational costs of providing loans, not to make a profit.

Borrowers are helped in making repayments on their loans by saving on kerosene.  The average home solar system replaces about 270 liters of kerosene a year, at a cost of US$1.27 per liter. This translates into annual savings of US$340, which pays back the costs of the home solar system within three years.

Home systems can also help borrowers generate additional income by providing neighbors with electric services like phone and lantern charging. TECNOSOL’s products also enable shop owners and entrepreneurs to increase their productivity through solar-powered refrigerators that eliminate waste, longer store hours, and by selling cold drinks and ice.


Repayment Performance on Kiva

    This Field Partner All Kiva Partners
  Start Date On Kiva Jul 2, 2013 Oct 12, 2005
Total Loans $599,800 $1,330,802,700
Amount of raised Inactive loans $0 $547,125
Number of raised Inactive loans 0 685
Amount of Paying Back Loans $397,100 $147,970,550
Number of Paying Back Loans 553 195,474
Amount of Ended Loans $202,700 $1,182,285,025
Number of Ended Loans 369 1,522,055
Delinquency Rate 96.86% 10.42%
Amount in Arrears $273,429 $9,802,012
Outstanding Portfolio $274,723 $94,101,479
Number of Loans Delinquent 553 55,529
Default Rate 12.28% 1.74%
Amount of Ended Loans Defaulted $24,884 $20,609,355
Number of Ended Loans Defaulted 68 50,258
Currency Exchange Loss Rate 0.00% 0.39%
Amount of Currency Exchange Loss $0 $5,175,709
Refund Rate 0.09% 0.59%
Amount of Refunded Loans $550 $7,878,725
Number of Refunded Loans 1 7,776

Loan Characteristics On Kiva

    This Field Partner All Kiva Partners
  Loans to Women Borrowers 36.78% 76.40%
Average Loan Size $650 $394
Average Individual Loan Size $650 $609
Average Group Loan Size $0 $1,761
Average number of borrowers per group 0 7.7
Average GDP per capita (PPP) in local country $4,800 $5,776
Average Loan Size / GDP per capita (PPP) 13.55% 6.82%
Average Time to Fund a Loan 7.87 days 7.13 days
Average Dollars Raised Per Day Per Loan $82.65 $55.26
  Average Loan Term 21.64 months 11.34 months

Journaling Performance on Kiva

    This Field Partner All Kiva Partners
  Total Journals 74 789,496
  Journaling Rate 7.52% 43.17%
  Average Number of Comments Per Journal 0.00 0.03
  Average Number of Recommendations Per Journal 0.00 0.81

Borrowing Cost Comparison (based on 2017 data)

    This Field Partner Median for MFI's in Country All Kiva Partners
  Average Cost to Borrower 20% APR 27.00% PY 25.36% PY
  Profitability (return on assets) -11.36% 0.9% -1.96%
  Average Loan Size (% of per capita income) N/A 40.00% 12.88%

Country Fast Facts

Field Partner Staff

Alfonso Barquero
Jonny Castillo
Vladimir Delagneau
Gunter Camilo García
Noelia Ortez
Karen Rodriguez
Marlon Solis