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THE STOLEN CHILD

by W. B. Yeats

Where dips the rocky highland
Of Sleuth Wood in the lake,
There lies a leafy island
Where flapping herons wake
The drowsy water rats;
There we've hid our faery vats,
Full of berrys
And of reddest stolen cherries.
Come away, O human child!
To the waters and the wild
With a faery, hand in hand,
For the world's more full of weeping than you can understand.

Where the wave of moonlight glosses
The dim gray sands with light,
Far off by furthest Rosses
We foot it all the night,
Weaving olden dances
Mingling hands and mingling glances
Till the moon has taken flight;
To and fro we leap
And chase the frothy bubbles,
While the world is full of troubles
And anxious in its sleep.
Come away, O human child!
To the waters and the wild
With a faery, hand in hand,
For the world's more full of weeping than you can understand.

Where the wandering water gushes
From the hills above Glen-Car,
In pools among the rushes
That scarce could bathe a star,
We seek for slumbering trout
And whispering in their ears
Give them unquiet dreams;
Leaning softly out
From ferns that drop their tears
Over the young streams.
Come away, O human child!
To the waters and the wild
With a faery, hand in hand,
For the world's more full of weeping than you can understand.

Away with us he's going,
The solemn-eyed:
He'll hear no more the lowing
Of the calves on the warm hillside
Or the kettle on the hob
Sing peace into his breast,
Or see the brown mice bob
Round and round the oatmeal chest.
For he comes, the human child,
To the waters and the wild
With a faery, hand in hand,
For the world's more full of weeping than he can understand.



EPITAPH FOR OUR CHILDREN

by A.S.J. Tessimond

Blame us for these who were cradled and rocked in our chaos;
Watching our sidelong watching, fearing our fear;
Playing their blind-man's-bluff in our gutted mansions,
Their follow-my-leader on a stair that ended in air.


About us
Although the poem in the following clip is called 'The Gift,' it's really about a catastrophic burden that no one on Earth needs nor wants.

And yet, every day, without fail, tragedy continues to strike deep into the hearts of so many poor, innocent people, and especially children, all over the globe… www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0MachQ-AL4&feature=related



DEEP SEA BEING DAMAGED BY MINING, TRAWLING

www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/deep-sea-being-damaged-by-mining2c-trawling/5307534#transcript

Saturday 8 March 2014 12:49PM

The deep sea, especially that around continental shelves, is being damaged by trawling and mining. Often there is little legislative protection, and developing countries are targeted. Trawling is compared to clear felling of forests. Old fish, which still reproduce are scooped up.  Ancient corals are destroyed. Our detailed knowledge of these areas is scant. Much is lost before it has even been described.[…]

THE DEL MAR MARINE SEEP, [www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/deep-sea-trenchjpg/5306970] only discovered in 2012 is not far from Scripps Institution of Oceanography in southern California. At 1020m it illustrates how little we know of the deep sea, right in the backyard of Scripps.  Bubbles emanat[ing] from the sea floor contain methane, a potent green house gas whose emissions from buried gas hydrates, may increase due to ocean warming, but could also represent a valuable energy source.  The colorful mats of bacteria may contain genetic resources of future use, while the reasons for rockfish use of this habitat remain unknown.  Margins like this one are often heavily trawled before discovery of unusual habitats like this methane seep. (Lisa Levin) […]


CHANGING OCEAN CURRENTS CHANGE FISH HABITATS

www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/changing-ocean-currents-change-fish-habitats/5307524#transcript

The East Australia Current is now pushing further south. As the current changes, so too do the habitats of marine creatures as the water temperature and salinity change.
[…]
Stephanie Brodie: During the beginning of 2012, the waters off Hobart had a visitor which had never been seen before. This visitor was the popular yellowtail kingfish, a fish prized for its flesh and its fight. But why was this fish discovered almost 400 kilometres further south of its known range? The culprit is the East Australia Current, known as the EAC and made famous by the popular movie "Finding Nemo." This ocean current runs along the east coast of Australia, shifting warm water from the Coral Sea towards Tasmania. Due to winds associated with climate change, the EAC has strengthened in recent years and is extending warmer and saltier waters further south, changing marine habitats along the way.

The arrival of new marine species to this south-eastern corner of Australia has not been uncommon in recent years and is a product of these shifting waters alternating oceanic habitats, resulting in remarkable ecosystem shifts and consequences for fisheries. The most commonly known example is the habitat expansion of the long-spined sea urchin, where this urchin habitat has expanded into Victorian and Tasmanian waters, resulting in loss of kelp habitat and affecting the multi-million-dollar abalone fisheries in these states. This is not an isolated case […]



THE HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF FRACKING

The Lancet, Volume 383, Issue 9919, Pages 757 - 758, 1 March 2014
[NB: this is copy-written material and is posted with utmost respect but without permission]

excerpted from www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2962700-2/fulltext

Sari Kovats a, Michael Depledge b, Andy Haines a, Lora E Fleming c, Paul Wilkinson a, Seth B Shonkoff d e, Noah Scovronick a
[…]
Fracking is at a very early stage in the UK, with only one shale gas well tested so far. This situation provides an important opportunity to gather information and to conduct studies of health and environmental effects before any large-scale development. Scientific study of the health effects of fracking is in its infancy, [1, 2] but findings suggest that this form of extraction might increase health risks compared with conventional oil and gas wells because of the larger surface footprints of fracking sites; their close proximity to locations where people live, work, and play; and the need to transport and store large volumes of materials. [3—6] In the USA, where more than 52 000 shale gas wells have been drilled, data suggest that risks of environmental contamination occur at all stages in the development of shale gas extraction. Failure of the structural integrity of the well cement and casing, [7] surface spills and leakage from above-ground storage, emissions from gas-processing equipment, and the large numbers of heavy transport vehicles involved are the most important factors that contribute to environmental contamination and exposures in the USA. [2]

Environmental exposures include outdoor air pollutants (ie, volatile organic compounds, tropospheric ozone, and diesel particulate matter) [2] and pollutants (ie, benzene, hydrocarbons, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, and heavy metals) in both ground [8] and surface [9, 10] water. Known occupational hazards include airborne silica exposure at the well pad. [11] Toxicological data for the chemicals injected into wells (so-called frac fluid) indicate that many of them have known adverse effects on health, with no toxicological data available for some. [2] Assessment of potential risks has been difficult in the USA because drilling operators are not required to disclose which chemicals are used, but the UK Government has accepted the recommendation from the Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering Working Group on shale gas extraction [1] for full disclosure. [12] Exposure and epidemiological studies—of which there are currently very few—are needed along the entire supply chain of shale gas to characterise and quantify associated health issues. The socioeconomic implications of shale gas development on local communities before, during, and after extraction, and how risks should be communicated, are also important research priorities. […]



ANTHROPOCENE THINKING

by Daniel Goleman

Do you know the PDF of your shampoo? A 'PDF' refers to a "partially diminished fraction of an ecosystem," and if your shampoo contains palm oil cultivated on clearcut jungle in Borneo, say, that value will be high. How about your shampoo's DALY? This measure comes from public health: "disability adjusted life years," the amount of one's life that will be lost to a disabling disease because of, say, a liftetime's cumulative exposure to a given industrial chemical. So if your favorite shampoo contains two common ingredients, the carcinogen 1,4 dioxane, or BHA , an endocrine disrupter, its DALY will be higher.

PDFs and DALYs are among myriad metrics for Anthropocene thinking, which views how human systems impact the global systems that sustain life. This way of perceiving interactions between the built and the natural worlds comes from the geological sciences. If adopted more widely this lens might usefully inform how we find solutions to the singular peril our species faces: the extinction of our ecological niche. […]

To read on, steel yourself, hold on to your hat and simply peer over the Edge > edge.org/response-detail/10506



THE SLIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINADE
[the expurgated version]

Water, water, every where,
And all the Boards did crack;
Water, water, every where,
Moronic frackers frack.


LIVING IN GASLAND

[Excerpted from Ellen Cantarow's "No Pipe Dream:
 Is Fracking About to Arrive on Your Doorstep?"]

[…]There's been a great deal of reporting about "the drilling part" of fracking -- the moment when drills penetrate shale and millions of gallons of chemical-and-sand-laced water are pumped down at high pressure to fracture the rock. Not so much has been written about all that follows. It's the "everything else" that has turned a drilling technology into a land-and-water-devouring industry so vast that it's arguably one of the most pervasive extractive adventures in history.

According to Cornell University's Anthony Ingraffea, the co-author of a study that established the global warming footprint of the industry, fracking "involves much more than drill-the-well-frack-the-well-connect-the-pipeline-and-go-away." Almost all other industries "occur in a zoned industrial area, inside of buildings, separated from home and farm, separated from schools." By contrast, the industry spawned by fracking "permits the oil and gas industries to establish [their infrastructures] next to where we live. They are imposing on us the requirement to locate our homes, hospitals, and schools inside their industrial space."[…]



MEDICINE, MONOPOLY AND MALICE

Stephanie Bartlett

The Lancet, Volume 381, Issue 9869, Page 795, 9 March 2013
www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2813%2960614-5/fulltext

doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60614-5

FIRE IN THE BLOOD

Directed, produced, and written by Dylan Mohan Gray. A Sparkwater India Production/Dartmouth Films, 2012. On general release in the UK fireintheblood.com

“If it is true that one death is a tragedy, and a million deaths a statistic, then this is a story about statistics.” So begins 'Fire in the Blood,' a compelling documentary by Dylan Mohan Gray. There is, however, nothing remotely prosaic about this story. The film is a powerful exposé of the geopolitics of access to essential HIV medicines in the developing world. It is a David versus Goliath tale of how an unlikely coalition of people worldwide joined forces to fight against the patent monopolies of the world's biggest pharmaceutical conglomerates and secure the right to distribute low-cost antiretroviral drugs to those who need it most.

Mohan Gray gives an unapologetically raw view of the extent to which pharmaceutical companies blocked the sale of generic HIV treatment; in the film he makes the point that between 1996 and 2003, more than 10 million people are estimated to have died from HIV/AIDS in developing countries while life-saving antiretroviral drugs were transforming the lives of those in high-income nations. Patent laws in force at the time made it illegal to make, sell, or import low-cost generic drugs, while the annual price tag of up to about US$15 000 per patient put patented antiretrovirals far out of the reach of patients in poor countries.[…]



Something of a hot topic now, for your attention. How're your awarenesses? Are you accommodating consensus in the true spirit of genuine representation, democracy, and believability? How far do your horizons extend?

"[…] In psychology it's well understood that humans are generally poor judges of how widespread their own and other people's opinions are. We find it difficult to judge how many others are thinking along the same lines as ourselves, which leads to the false consensus effect. […]"

This telling story - www.csiro.au/en/Portals/Multimedia/CSIROpod/Climate-change-consensus.aspx - is about bias by us; something we'd do well to move beyond, some of us, the sum of us.

I hope you too can sense US in consensus. I hope you too can enjoy the ride. If not, that would be telling too, huh? There's so much to know, you know.

Did you know that fifty-two percent of the water in the world's oceans lies deeper than two thousand meters down? That's pretty deep!

"DIVE! DIVE! DIVE!"



TOBACCO IN THE USA: Smoke and Mirrors

The Lancet, Volume 379, Issue 9813, Page 288, 28 January 2012

www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2812%2960124-X/fulltext

In an episode of the science fiction series 'Star Trek: Deep Space Nine,' a trio of capitalist aliens find themselves thrown back in time to 1947. They are overjoyed to discover human beings—including medical staff—smoking tobacco. “If they'll buy poison, they'll buy anything!” cackles one of the protagonists, smelling a profit.

When future historians look back on the long and unhappy story of people and tobacco, what will be said about our current era? The American Lung Association's report, 'State of Tobacco Control 2012,' [www.stateoftobaccocontrol.org] gives some clues. In retrospect, it will seem incredible that 60 years after Richard Doll confirmed the link between smoking and lung cancer, and 40 years since a US President declared war on cancer, 2011 was “an abysmal year for tobacco control at the state level”. Comprehensive smoke-free laws were not passed by any state. In one—Nevada—they were weakened. Tobacco taxes were not raised, and smoking prevention programmes were cut. The litigiousness of the tobacco industry amazes now and will continue to amaze for decades to come. The report details the lawsuits that have been filed against the US Food and Drug Administration in an effort to hamper smoking prevention efforts, such as restricting sales to youths and adding graphic warning labels to cigarette packets. Where does the Federal Government stand? Although commendable in some areas—for example, in its ongoing efforts to implement the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act—it continues to dawdle over the submission of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control to the Senate, despite having signed it back in 2004.

Renewed effort at State and Federal levels is needed to put tobacco where it belongs: in the history books, as a sad and strange episode in the story of human health. The colourful magazine advertisements of a few decades ago, featuring doctors endorsing cigarettes, seem alien to us now. Hopefully the current arguments over cigarette packaging and sales restriction will seem equally bizarre to future generations.



KEEP IT CLEAN: HOSPITAL ACQUIRED INFECTIONS IN CHILDREN

Nick Feasey and, Elizabeth Molyneux
The Lancet, Volume 378, Issue 9808, Pages 1982 - 1983, 10 December 2011

"Prevention of puerperal fever in hospital through hand-washing was described as long ago as the mid-19th century by Ignaz Semmelweis. During the past 20 years hospital-acquired infections have come to dominate the health system agenda[…]

[…]the mortality from hospital-acquired bacteraemia is high at 53%, and the patients most affected are those who are malnourished or have a long hospital stay. Knowledge of the causes of such infections in Kilifi is helpful and it would be useful to know their antibiotic sensitivities to guide management in hospitals without blood-culture facilities. The findings in this study are likely to show only a small part of the problem; surgical-site and obstetric hospital-acquired infections are probably major problems in resource-poor settings and tuberculosis has much potential as a nosocomial agent in overcrowded wards with poor isolation facilities.

What can be done to prevent hospital-acquired infections in resource-poor countries? Harbath and Gestmale report that 40% of nosocomial infections might be preventable. Simple hand-washing with soap and water has much potential to reduce cross infections. In a malnutrition unit in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, the same bacteria were grown from the floor, beds, towels, and sinks as caused bloodstream infections in children staying in the ward. Hospitals need a culture of safety and awareness of infections; they also need an infection control committee to train staff and patients in infection prevention and to monitor results actively. Some hospital administrators might be unwilling to put money and effort into infection control because they do not think it will generate revenue. True, but control of hospital infections might go a long way towards reduction of costs.[…]"

www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2811%2961783-2/fulltext or, in pdf form, - download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673611617832.pdf



MEDICAL SCHOOLS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

Carsten Krüger
The Lancet, Volume 378, Issue 9799, Pages 1293 - 1294, 8 October 2011

"[…]The practice of medicine not only involves biomedical science and knowledge, but it is also an art: the art of applying medical knowledge, the art of interaction with the patient, the art of judgment about what might be appropriate for a particular patient. Some might be fortunate enough to have these skills already, but most of us learn by example. Thus we need highly qualified faculty in sufficient numbers who both teach and serve as positive examples.[…]"
download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673611615699.pdf



LOMITA BEKELE: DELIVERING HEALTH CARE TO AN ETHIOPIAN VILLAGE

from: The Lancet, Vol. 377, June 04, 2011

by John Donnelly and Rahel Gizaw

"Lomita Bekele grew up in southwestern Ethiopia in a place called Western Welega, just over 300 km due west of the capital, Addis Ababa. She was the ninth of ten children born into a farming family who grew teff (used to make the Ethiopian bread called injera), maize, and, most important of all, coffee. Lomita's family put a great emphasis on education and she went through secondary school with dreams of being a doctor. Her test scores, though, weren't high enough and she was unsure what to do. But then she heard of a new government programme for “junior nurses”. She took the test, aced it, and found herself enrolled as part of Ethiopia's grand health vision—the creation of more than 30 000 health extension workers spread throughout the vast rural country.[…]"

You can read on here - www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2811%2960799-X/fulltext

Or here - download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS014067361160799X.pdf?id=3d35b1b5aa0ec416:-457a84dc:1305f10203a:343d1307272680205



ROOTING OUT TUBERCULOSIS IN HOMELESS COMMUNITIES

www.thelancet.com

download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673611602523.pdf

"If you happen to have a Lancet collection that stretches as far back as 1911, you can read the Editor of the day, Squire Sprigge, passionately looking forward to the day that the “demon of tuberculosis” is finally mastered. In 2011, that day still seems some way off.…"

"The problems in Toronto are mirrored in many modern metropolises. Tuberculosis finds its niche in poverty and social exclusion, with rates of disease in the most vulnerable and marginalised communities orders of magnitude higher than those in the general population. Homeless people are the engines of transmission because the two assumptions that hold true for the general population—that people with symptoms will seek medical help, and that they will take treatment as prescribed—simply do not hold in the homeless community.…"

"Waiting in a hospital for the problem to come knocking on the door clearly does not work. But in New York City, a programme of active case finding, screening for latent disease, and access to intermediate care facilities that ensure treatment is adhered to, have helped to consistently reduce rates of active tuberculosis since the early 1990s. In London, the Find and Treat programme headed by Alistair Story has also made inroads.…"

"But funding for Find and Treat is precarious, and is likely to become even more so if the move to commissioning led by general practitioners goes ahead as planned. New York City has shown that where there is political will, there is a way to tackle tuberculosis in homeless communities. It is up to policy makers elsewhere to follow that lead.…"



TOBACCO COMPANIES EXPAND THEIR EPIDEMIC OF DEATH

www.thelancet.com

download.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lancet/PIIS0140673611601815.pdf

"On Feb 10, Philip Morris International will report their 2010 full-year results. We guess that they will make much of their claim to sell their products in 160 countries worldwide."

"Tobacco is a good global business to be in. Last week saw Imperial Tobacco report increases in sales of cigarettes to Africa, the Middle East, and Asia Pacific. The company's share price rose steeply. One newspaper reported that “Imperial declared it was increasing the [share] dividend on the back of its strengthening position”. Analysts said forecasts that smoking was on the decline had been “overdone”.

"Go to Imperial Tobacco's website and you will find boasts that sales are up 10% in Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, and Russia. New markets are opening up—in South Korea, for example. Sales are on the rise in Laos and Vietnam. And across Africa, the Middle East, eastern Europe, and Asia Pacific, revenues increased to £2·34 billion last year."

"For companies like Philip Morris and Imperial Tobacco—selling, addicting, and killing, surely the most cruel and corrupt business model human beings could have invented—it is not surprising that they see “many opportunities for us to develop our business” in vulnerable low-income and middle-income countries. Without a trace of irony or shame, Imperial's management team reported to investors last week that the company won a Gold Award rating in a 2009 corporate responsibility index."

"Yet tobacco executives know they are peddling death. If one tries to view Imperial's investor presentation, several slides are now blank. Why? Imperial says “because we do not feature tobacco product imagery on our website”. While tobacco companies such as Philip Morris and Imperial Tobacco spread their killing fields in far away places, they try to sanitise their “imagery” for investors."

"We should not pick on Philip Morris and Imperial Tobacco. The big five tobacco manufacturers also include British American Tobacco, Japan Tobacco, and Altria. BAT describes the cigarette industry as “recession resistant”. It is also morally repugnant."



≈ HELP STOP THIS TERRIBLE VIOLENCE ≈

"‘Corrective rape’, the vicious practice of raping lesbians to ‘cure’ their sexuality, is a crisis in South Africa."

"Millicent Gaika[…] was bound, strangled, and repeatedly raped in an attack last year. But brave South African activists are risking their lives to ensure that Millicent’s case sparks change. Their appeal to the Minister of Justice has exploded to over 140,000 signatures, forcing him to respond on national television."

[Update]

"Thembi (name changed) was pulled from a taxi near her home, beaten and raped by a man who crowed that he was ‘curing’ her of her lesbianism."

"Thembi is not alone -- this vicious crime is recurrent in South Africa, where lesbians live in terror of attack. But no one has ever been convicted of 'corrective rape'. Amazingly, from a tiny Cape Town safehouse a few brave activists are risking their lives to ensure that this heinous practice is stopped and their massive campaign has forced the government into talks."

"If we shine a light on this horror from all corners of the world -- and enough of us join in we can escalate the pressure, and help make sure these talks lead to concrete and urgent action. Let’s call on President Zuma and the Minister of Justice to publicly condemn ‘corrective rape’, criminalise hate crimes, and ensure immediate enforcement, public education and protection for survivors. Sign the petition now and share it with everyone -- when we reach one million signers we’ll deliver it to the South African government with unmissable and hard hitting actions."

The target, 1,000,000 signatures, currently at 947,750, is likely to be met soon.

You can help. Please sign the petition at this address - www.avaaz.org/en/stop_corrective_rape?fp


PROTECTING CHILDREN BEING FORCED TO BEG: ENDING THE ABUSES BY TEACHERS IN SENEGAL'S SCHOOLS

"Senegalese authorities have begun to enforce a law prohibiting anyone from forcing a child to beg.[…]" www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/11/24/protecting-children-being-forced-beg



FLY AWAY CHILDREN

"Angelina Jolie may have fueled a boom in families wanting an Ethiopian child. Yet, thanks to opportunistic adoption agents and zero regulations, most African adoptions don't have a Hollywood ending." youtube.com/watch?v=iQoqih4iTss

"Ethiopia has 5 million orphans needing homes and the United States has millions of homes needing babies. Africa Correspondent Andrew Geoghegan and producer Mary Ann Jolley, discover it’s not a simple mathematical equation or zero sum game. There are virtually no government regulations or policing of the process. Many international adoption agencies flashing Christian credentials are taking advantage of the situation. Corruption, fraud and deception are rife." www.ethiotube.net/video/5801/Fly-Away-Children--Commercialization-of-Children

FLY AWAY HOME

"How does it feel for a child who already has a family, to be adopted by strangers, never to go back home? Here's the harrowing reality behind the practices of some international adoption agencies.

Journee Bradshaw was already thirteen and came from a large, middle-class Ethiopian family when she arrived in the US. She thought she was going on a trip abroad whilst her adoptive parents had been told she was only nine and destitute. But it was all a lie." www.youtube.com/watch?v=BP8tD2T6QEY



Looking for a thinking read, thinking reed?

Here's one. it's a forerunner to "On What Matters," from Derek Parfit.

Everyone should at least have a crack at "Climbing the Mountain" - it's a very good read but, fair warning, it's a fairly weight-e-tome @ three hundred plus pages…

But you'll dearly love the view if you do. True!

peasoup.typepad.com/peasoup/files/1Climb26JulyUS.pdf




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