Las Artesanas Del Fresno Group
Update on Las Artesanas Del Fresno GroupThe group "Artesanas del Fresno" is made up of women who are hardworking and responsible. They chose the group's name because almost all of them are artisans who make crafts like embroidery and knitting - so they called themselves Artesanas [artisans], and Fresno is the name of their community.
Maria Juana is an older woman who is very familiar with the origins of embroidery and knitting in the community. She is 69, widowed and lives alone but very close to her children and she spends most of the day with her grandchildren. Maria Juana says that the wool used to all be natural, but now it's synthetic. They used to make it themselves, first washing the lambswool then making linen with the well-washed wool. They used a wooden instrument to obtain the wool. Afterwards they knitted all of their wool threads until they had fabric, and finally they dyed the fabric - the most common colors were black, brown and gray. Things have changed now and none of this is done the same way because the fabrics are of very bad quality.
She has been doing embroidery for 30 years, since her children were young. She says that it helped her to put them through school and also with their household costs when her husband was unemployed. She used to sell her embroidery every Monday in Ixtlahuaca, but now she only offers them to people she knows in her community. She is alone and often can't cover the costs of her basic necessities like food, clothing and shoes, which is why she works. This time she has asked for a loan to buy colored wool, fabric and needles.
Her challenge is that her work is not as valued as it used to be and people don't want to pay a fair price. She says that it's very old-fashioned and it takes many days to finish a piece of work because everything is done by hand. She makes vests, bags, blankets, and sweaters with local figures like parrots, stars, flowers, etc.
One of Juana's goals is to sell more embroidery so she can buy corn, because if she doesn't, she won't have corn to make her tortillas all year, which is one of the foods she eats every day.
All of the members of the group are very thankful for the loan because they can buy the materials that they lack and meet their back orders. Angelina, Leonila, Lucia, Gregoria, Rufina, Rosio and Maria Lucina will invest in embroidery; Maria de los Angeles and Juana Iriais will invest in cosmetics.
Doña María Juana es una persona mayor de edad conoce muy bien de donde nació el bordado y el tejido de la comunidad, ella tiene 69 años de edad ya es viuda ahora vive sola pero muy cercas de sus hijos y casi pasa todo el día con sus nietos.
Doña María Juana comenta que antes la lana era natural por lo que ahora ya no solo es sintética, antes ellos mismos elaboraban esta producto, primero lavaban la lana del borrego que salía cuando les cortaban la lana, se hacia lino con la lana ya bien lavada y lo obtenían con ayuda de un instrumento de madera, después tejían todos estos hilos de lana hasta obtener una tela y finalmente pintaban la tela los colores mas comunes eran el negro, café y gris. Las cosas han cambiado ahora ya nada de esto se hace porque las telas ya son de muy mala calidad.
Ella bordando lleva ya 30 años desde que sus hijos eran pequeños comenta que esto le ayudo de mucho para darles estudios a sus hijos también ayudaba con los gastos del hogar cuando su esposo se quedaba sin empleo, vendía todos los días lunes en Ixtlahuaca sus bordados,
Ahora ya solo ofrece con sus conocidos de la comunidad esta sola y muchas veces pues no tiene para cubrir sus necesidades básicas como alimentación, calzado y vestimenta por eso se dedica a esto, esta vez ha solicitado el crédito para comprar estambres de colores, tela y aujas.
Su desafío es que muchas veces sus trabajo ya no lo valoran como antes y no le quieren pagar lo que realmente es el precio, comenta que es muy pasado ya que se tardan varios días elaborando este trabajo porque todo es echo a mano, ella hace chalecos, morrales, colchas, suéteres con figuras representativas de la comunidad, como pájaros, gretas, estrellas, flores, etc.
Una de las metas de doña Juana es llegar a vender muchos bordados para poder compra maíz, porque si no comprar no tendrá para hacer sus tortillas durante todo el año ya que es uno de sus alimentos primordiales de todos los días.
Todas las integrantes del grupo están muy agradecidas por el préstamo ya que podrá compra todo el material que les hace falta y podrán cumplir con sus pedidos ya atrasados.
Angelina, Leonila, Lucia, Gregoria, Rufina, Rosio, y María Lucina invertirán en los bordados, mientras que María de los Ángeles y Juana Iríais invertirán en cosméticos.
Previous Loan DetailsDoña Angelina lives in a community that is distinctive for being almost a forest; there are many pine trees and it's also the location of the Mazahua ceremonial center. It is said that not long ago there were deer here, but as of a few years ago they were gone. Doña Angelina has a group that… More from Las Artesanas Del Fresno Group's previous loan »
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